Posted on January 20, 2019


PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.

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This is where the representation of the subaltern is most discerned. Similarly, Taiwo sees even the educated Africans deferring to the whites and acceding to their superiority.

Similarly, Hodge and Kresssee the process as the absorption of the attributive model into the transactive i.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

Lugard sees the physical nature of the blacks and its shades and hues of color in direct correlation with their intellectual and organizational advancement.

He sacrifices life freely under the influence of superstition, or in the lust and excitement of battle, or for ceremonial display.

Thr surveillance accords objectivity and ocular prowess to them and places the object as “knowable, visible objects of disciplinary power” Doty The aim of discourse analysis here is to be able to deconstruct and reveal those mystified constructions with the aim of creating awareness. In addition, about three issues are immediately clear in the examples above.

Frederickson sees this profiling as using the physiological and anatomical differences especially in cranial features and facial angles to explain mental and physical inferiority. The examples below from the Dual Mandate show a surety of views regarding the African by Lugard: Lofd all depends upon the structuring of a discursive field.


It is regarded as “the most influential book on colonial affairs in the whole inter-war period” Hetherington4 and the “staple diet of reading in colonial administration for young cadet officers” Lee43 both quoted in Doty The humanity of the ‘native’ is denied. Hallargues that this discursive construction of showing nature and culture mndate the same is a tactic that serves colonial interests.

Full text of “The dual mandate in British tropical Africa”

New Political Science, 29 123— Finally, Lugard reasoned that colonisation had become a fad and that, in order to remain a super daul, Britain would need to hold colonies to avoid appearing weak. He was afterwards given an honorary C. On their heads up hills and dhal swamps, with but brief intervals for rest. His being is reduced to the materiality of his body.

Modern Language Association http: But at present there is none, or very little: He is by no means lacking in industry, and will work hard with a less incentive than most races.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard – Wikipedia

This is akin to medical diagnosis and the overall essence of the ‘glance’ or the ‘suzerainity of the gaze” which simply exercises its rights of origin over truth Foucault At the global level of the book, there is a lexical analysis that is made on the basis of keywords in context. Similarly, Lugard’s gaze socially pathologizes certain luard in Africa with some authority.

An essay in reading the archives. The elaborate justifications contained in the text, this paper argues, are made on the backdrop of purely essentialist ontology that mandahe to dehumanize the subaltern and raise the status of the colonialists in Africa. By the time Lugard resigned as commissioner inthe entire Nigeria was being peacefully administered under the supervision of British residents.

They often achieve this by representing their partiality as what can be taken for granted, ‘common sense’, ‘the natural’, even ‘reality itself’. When you are known to be surveyed as in the prisons you tend to align your behavior to be in conformity with the expectations of the surveyor.


Discourse, grammar and ideology: And true by induction and experience as in: Ikime, Obaro and Segun Osoba, eds. If something is to appear as simply ‘the case’ then its origin in historical contingency must be repressed Davis Secondly, he argued that Britain practiced a beneficent regime that taught Africans the value of freedom and liberty, hence their desire for independence.

He loathed the educated and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions.

He preferred to advance prominent Hausa and Fulani leaders from traditional structures. Lugard’s indirect rule became an instrument of British imperial administration in Africa.

Lugard, assisted by his indefatigable wife, Flora Shaw, concocted a legend which warped understanding of him, Nigeria and colonialism for decades. Dual Mandate, Africa The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard —the best known of the British colonial officers to serve in Africa.

In essence, when I present you as a savage rather eloquently using all linguistic elements at my disposal, for instance, then it premises lrd reason for a particular kind of action I take which may be civilizational or salvational or both.

Dual Mandate, Africa

This shall be discussed later. During this thr he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention. Social Forces, 49 1 This removal from the dialogic situation, he argues, is another way to describe a denial of coevalness.